A Basic Guide to Laminate Floors

A Basic Guide to Laminate Floors

Laminate floors are highly durable and super tough flooring available in the market. Although a new addition to the flooring option, laminate floors are hugely popular for their low maintenance needs, easy installation, and a long life. Laminate flooring is available in an array of natural floor materials such as ceramic, stone and hardwood.

What is a Laminate Floor?

Laminate is a form of synthetic floor that’s created by combining multiple layers of different materials using adhesive, pressure and heat and this process is known as lamination. Although laminates usually replicate hardwood, they do not contain any wood materials. In fact, they are manufactured from fibreboard particles and resins.

Basic Structure of Laminate Flooring

Wear Layer – The topmost layer of a laminate floor is the wear layer. This is essentially an invisible layer that protects the floor from stains, scratches and other damage. The wear layer is usually the result of an aluminium oxide chemical treatment.

Decorative Layer – This is the layer where the laminate gets its appearance. It’s created by printing a pattern or an image on materials similar to paper, which is then embedded in resin. The image layer can contain any pattern, but they are usually manufactured to replicate the feel and look of bamboo, cork, hardwood, ceramic and natural stone.

Fiberboard – This is the core of the floor and it offers structure, depth and stability to the floor. This layer is usually made by grinding sawdust or wood chips to a fine powder, which is then coated with resin before being flat-pressed into sheets.

BackLayer – Several laminate floors have a moisture blocking layer, which is known as the back layer. The waterproof layer at the top and this layer at the bottom work together to create a watertight seal around the fibreboard and the decorative layer that sit in the middle.

Underlayment – A laminate floor should be installed on underlayment. The underlayment is usually made from foam rolls or cork. The right underlayment can help sound that occurs when you walk on certain laminate floors. This layer has to be purchased separately to ensure your laminate floor gets the perfect fit and finish.

Using Laminate Floors

Laminate floors are stain resistant, highly durable, and mould resistant, which makes them ideal for use in living rooms, entryways, hallways and dining rooms. You can even use water-resistant laminate floors in bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms and other wet areas.

Lifestyle Flooring is the UK’s leading online flooring retailer. Explore our online store today to get the best laminate flooring at the lowest prices. Feel free to request a free sample before you place your order.